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VARIOUS CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MAHDI

1

His being given the glad tidings of paradise >>>

2

The Mahdi Will Be The Most Auspicious Person Of His Time >>>

3 The Books Revealed To The Prophets Describe The Mahdi's Features >>>
4 His good moral character >>>
5 He will be much loved by everyone >>>
6 His being a Fighter >>>
7 The Power of His Preaching >>>
8 His Innate Knowledge >>>
9 His Jifr (Abjad) Knowledge >>>
10 His Purification >>>
11 His Being on the Path of Prophethood >>>
12 His encounter with tribulation and difficulties >>>
13 His being spied on - followed >>>
14 The Dajjal's Efforts to Torment the Mahdi >>>
15

Negative propagandas will be spread against him >>>

16 His Emigration (Hijra) >>>
17 His Physical Appearance >>>
18 His Speech >>>

His Innate Knowledge

It is narrated from the Kab that:
He is called the Mahdi since He has a secret power, which cannot be known by anyone.
Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-Zaman

One interpretation runs:

All external sciences can be studied or researched by anyone whenever they wish. But there is also "innate" knowledge that cannot be obtained by studying, that Allah bestows as a blessing to servants of His choosing. The reference in the above account, "not known by anyone," suggests that the Mahdi will possess such knowledge.  (Allah knows the truth)

It is also very likely that this knowledge represents "Ilm Al-ladun." Surat al-Kahf refers to similar knowledge in a story about the Prophet Musa (as) and an unnamed holy individual. (This individual is identified as Khidhr in accounts.) 

They found a slave of Ours whom We had granted mercy from Us and whom We had also given knowledge direct from Us. (Surat al-Kahf: 65)

Musa said to him, 'May I follow you on condition that you teach me some of the right guidance you have been taught?' (Surat al-Kahf: 66)

He said, 'You will not be able to bear with me. (Surat al-Kahf: 67)

How indeed could you bear with patience something you have not encompassed in your knowledge?' (Surat al-Kahf: 68)

Musa said, "You will find me patient, if Allah wills, and I will not disobey you in any matter." (Surat al-Kahf: 69)

He said, "Then if you follow me, do not question me about anything until I myself make mention of it to you."(Surat al-Kahf: 70)

Ladun: is strange knowledge name. A person on whom it is bestowed can discover secret matters, to the extent permitted by Allah, and is aware of various divine mysteries.  (TUR-DAV, Great Dictionary, 558)  The story described three events to do with the Prophet Musa (as). The Prophet Musa (as) objected to three actions on the part of Khidr, who possessed that knowledge, that initially seemed strange and mistaken. But when they parted company he saw the true face of Khidr's deeds, realized he had been hasty in his objections and admitted that he was in the right (Surat al-Kahf, verses 78-82). It is highly significant that this story is related in Surat al-Kahf. Because our Prophet (saas), with a close knowledge of the Mahdi, draws attention to two other stories in the same Surat (The People of the Cave and Dhu'lQarnayn) in his hadith. The presence of the story about the Prophet Musa (as) and Khidr in this Surat is a sign that what happened between them may be concerned with the Mahdi, as in the above hadith, and that the Mahdi may also possess the knowledge possessed by Khidr. In his commentary below, Muhyiddin Arabi sets out 9 attributes of the Mahdi. Note that the first of these bears features not found in knowledge of transmission and that rather belong to innate knowledge such as wisdom, understanding and ladun.

1. He has insight.
2. He understands the Divine Book.
3. He knows the meaning of the Divine Scriptures.
4. He knows the behaviors of the persons he will appoint.
5. He is merciful and just even when he gets angry.
6. He knows the classes of the creatures.
7. He knows the complex aspects of the works;

Because no leader aware of these can go astray in the commands he issues. The Mahdi possesses comparative knowledge to avoid it, not to rule with it. Because his commands will have the effect of a true inspiration. In other words, he will rule with the shariah [the essence of Qur'anic moral values and the Sunnah of our Prophet (saas)] brought by Muhammad (saas).  It is for these reasons that in describing him our Prophet (saas) said, "He will follow my path and not fall into error." From this, we can see that the Mahdi will abide by the shariah rather than possessing it.

8. He understands the needs of the people well;
Because Allah has chosen them over all other people in order to see their actions of all kinds. Leaders' behavior and actions must be more in the public's interest than their own...

9. He is informed particularly of the knowledge of unseen, which is to be needed at his time, because only then he can settle the matters that will appear newly.
Portents of Doomsday, 189

Another feature of the Mahdi's innate knowledge is that he knows "abjad calculation" and the secrets thereof.

 
 

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